The power to gain abilities from a special type of blood in the bloodstream.
The blood of the user may have mystical, cosmic or any type of special properties granting powers to the user. The abilities can come from the blood type, ex: flammable blood may give fire manipulation, acidic blood may give acid manipulation or healing blood may give healing skills.
Anyone with a "Branche of Sin" (Deadman Wonderland)
Mimics (Edge of Tomorrow)
Esidisi (JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Part 2: Battle Tendency)
Shadowheart (Kaiju Combat)
Mondo Zappa (Killer is Dead)
Kekkei Genkai users (Naruto)
Clary Fairchild (The Shadowhunter Chronicles); via extra angelic blood
Jace Herondale (The Shadowhunter Chronicles); via extra angelic blood
Simon Lewis (The Shadowhunter Chronicles); via Jace's blood
Jonathan Morgenstern (The Shadowhunter Chronicles); via demonic blood
Shadowhunters (The Shadowhunter Chronicles); via angelic blood
Crona (Soul Eater)
Maka Albarn (Soul Eater)
Soul "Eater" Evans (Soul Eater)
Sam Winchester (Supernatural); via demonic blood
Mad Dogs (Tower of God)
Zahard Princesses (Tower of God)
Vampires (True Blood)
Doppelgängers (The Vampire Diaries)
Warlord Zon'ozz (Warcraft)
Esdeath (Akame Ga Kill!) gained the ability to manipulate ice from drinking the life blood of an Ultra-Class Danger Beast.
The blood of the telepath demons (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) can bestow others with their telepathy when it mixes with their own.
Buffy Summers (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) is infected with the blood of a telepath demon...
...bestowing her with their telepathy.
Oboro (Gintama) gained immortality from life energy-enriched blood given by Utsuro, though in the long terms this is actually prolonging his sufferings, as his mortal flesh broke down under the immortal blood, yet he could not die until his body rots away.
Shadowheart (Kaiju Combat) who replaced his organic blood with magical blood he can use for constructs, curses and other magical effects.
With The Zombie Giselle Gewelle (Bleach) if anyone has Giselle's blood splattered on them falls under her control, effectively becoming a corpse, she only needs to use a drop of blood to zombify them once it reaches their brain.